As I publish content either written to myself or provided to me to confidentially post, it is imperative if you are of the Millennial persuasion, you may not quite understand some of the slang prevalent during the time which shadows your's now: the 1980s. Are things all that different? That is a GREAT question to pursue. Are many things parallel to one and another almost synchronized in familiarity, yet vastly so differently. If you've read this far, it must mean I haven't a huge typo or butchered to help +Gramarly (I think it is available via Chrome - An Alphabet Company, previously identified with Google). Thank you. You have earned the right to understand some monumental movements of the 1980s when you consider what many can and have identified with being a Yuppy. It is a unique persona in the folds of history. When we start to identify with the persona stereotype of its decade. Hello, my name is Jeannette and I'm a non-recovered Yuppy. I haven't, honestly, even pursued any help-groups to allow me to go beyond my youth, to merge gently and gracefully with my age. A Yuppy A Yuppy is an ATT-a-TUDE one has. The odd Millennial, under cover, has tried to invade our inner circle, to only fail and be banished back to their genealogical age, saddened by failure, heartened by at least trying. Thinking maybe if they adopt the EARLY exceptional-achievers philosophy disguised behind the frivolous name, as a decoy, to be called "a Yuppie" banished into the known unified understanding stamped by the universe. Not unlike Rock Star, Nerd (long before "computer" was added), Drama Queen, Baby, Diva, already firmly inked. To start to immerse you into the world of YUPP-(me)-dom, let me introduce you to two of the biggest sayings of the Yuppy ~hood: Career-limiting-move: With the assistance of Google, I will minimize this screen, just prior to performing a Google search for "Career Limiting Move" but only after writing my own. To keep the experiment simple and fact-checking ~LY honest. Wait, better yet. I have a great example to show you. It is something I posted a little while ago on @Twitter :: ..... see if you can find it and #RT it for experiments sake. Most career coaches, managers, think tanks, educators would agree that you don't tell your company anything. There is nothing that you have ever done to remove you from that tiny cubicle, in Dilber ~esque fashion, to the top of the heap at your company to this point. Do not think that any form of grandstanding or headstanding (look at me ~ look at me) behavior is going to do anything. Unless you are a Yuppy. At career intervals you have tried doing things differently, persevering, tenaciously, focused with the backside of a turtle that allows knives to bounce from otherwise becoming implanted into your back. They can take a leap a faith of the extraordinary kind. It isn't anything that you have underestimated, sweat over, tossed and turned over, pondered, thought about for quite some time. The Definition The end of the experiment defines the example: did you get fired for posting such a blatant post? Did you believe in what you said, were you easily identified as the person stating the comment? If you get fired Did you at least have an update to the social media, communications, security profiles, proficiency, training hub, EMAIL ALL, Chairman's Blog to churn conversation about what can and cannot be said about you or you about your company on social channels. Opinion owned Who is the owner of your opinion? If you include some sort of "opinion my own" on your profiles and bios, does it remove you from culpable restricted behavior? CLM ::... a career limiting move If something that you do, equally responsible and visionary, exile you to the basement, far past the file department, renamed to the INFORMATION department which evolved from "information technology" area .... falling several rungs on the ladder towards career success, recognition, compensation which you aspired to, only to stumble and fall bouncing all the way to the bottom of the food chain at your organization. The Career Limiting Move is something anyone is empowered to do at any time during their working lives to test the theory::... is there any way to turn this from a CYA situation? CYA: Cover Your Ass You can only have been a Yuppy if you easily identify with this term. After all, as you were graduating from college and well into your mid-years at University, the economy fell, jobs shrunk, graduate job offers disappeared, evaporating into the only mist being from the tears of the fallen Yuppy. Survivors The Yuppy ~hood founders were crushed by the weight of the world faced upon graduating from High School, jumping straight into College or University, to make your parents proud, while so much of what you grew up thinking meant the world was made up of crumbled down: from the threat of a world nuclear war (defined as "THE Cold War"). We were just getting out of grade school and had to know what an Alarm sounded like from doing exercises and dry runs of a nuclear missile heading our way, what we were expected to do. Any wonder why so many Yuppy were driven, high achievers? When the stakes are high What do people do when the stakes are high? What if they climb and climb and climb with people ever-stretching to reach it before it retracts some more? Sure sounds a lot like a Yuppy to me. How about you? So, if you are a survivor and you have to gamble or reach the highest stake, what do you do? Well, yes. You cover your ass. You work harder. You work smarter. You don't complain. You "get-er-done". Early, latest on time.
< INSERT google search here >
< click to ENLARGE >
What did I post in a Career-Limiting-Move ?? I'll show you. Stay tuned. I may be blogging more if I'm fired. At least we'll learn together whether an idea tweeted at a company and its executive a CLM or one with which to get you fired:
SOURCE: created by @optioneerJM Jeannette Marshall with ZIP ext from MicroSoft
The skies they were ashen and sober; The leaves they were crisped and sere— The leaves they were withering and sere; It was night in the lonesome October Of my most immemorial year: It was hard by the dim lake of Auber, In the misty mid region of Weir— It was down by the dank tarn of Auber, In the ghoul-haunted woodland of Weir ...
Alone From childhood's hour I have not been As others were; I have not seen As others saw; I could not bring My passions from a common spring. From the same source I have not taken My sorrow; I could not awaken My heart to joy at the same tone; And all I loved, I loved alone. Then—in my childhood, in the dawn Of a most stormy life—was drawn From every depth of good and ill The mystery which binds me still: From the torrent, or the fountain, From the red cliff of the mountain, From the sun that round me rolled In its autumn tint of gold, From the lightning in the sky As it passed me flying by, From the thunder and the storm, And the cloud that took the form (When the rest of Heaven was blue) Of a demon in my view.
Spirits of the Dead[an excerpt]
“Be silent in that solitude, Which is not loneliness—for then The spirits of the dead, who stood In life before thee, are again In death around thee, and their will Shall overshadow thee; be still.”
William Shakespeare Macbeth, Act IV, Scene I[excerpt] Three witches, casting a spell ...
Round about the cauldron go; In the poison’d entrails throw. Toad, that under cold stone Days and nights hast thirty one Swelter’d venom sleeping got, Boil thou first i’ the charmed pot.
Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
Fillet of a fenny snake, In the cauldron boil and bake; Eye of newt, and toe of frog, Wool of bat, and tongue of dog, Adder’s fork, and blind-worm’s sting, Lizard’s leg, and howlet’s wing, For a charm of powerful trouble, Like a hell-broth boil and bubble. Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
___________________________ //* More worth sharing ......
Pale Though Her Eyes by Michael R. Burch Pale though her eyes, her lips are scarlet from drinking of blood, this child, this harlot
born of the night and her heart, of darkness, evil incarnate to dance so reckless,
dreaming of blood, her fangs—white—baring, revealing her lust, and her eyes, pale, staring ...
Five little pumpkins sitting on a gate, The first one said, "Oh my, it's getting late." The second one said, "But we don't care." The third one said, "I see witches in the air." The fourth one said, "Let's run, and run, and run." The fifth one said, "Get ready for some fun." Then whoosh went the wind, and out went the lights, And five little pumpkins rolled out of sight!
This blog was original written and posted on the optioneerJM blog. Excuse moi to readers who come to optioneerJM for business, leadership, sales or social media advice. You have been bombarded with clips from Polyvore, independently posted. I apologize. It was another experiment or test. No apologies for the test certainly. I disclose that I am constantly trying out new avenues online to see what is what, what works, and how I may want to do things differently. This is a "do differently". Polyvore allows users to create fashion statements, creative ensemble within a specific user base: fashion enthusiasts, fashionistas and creative personalities. I hadn't been there for a while before yesterday. Because I haven't, I looked at the experience with fresh eyes, as if new. Polyvore is a great environment for the fashion conscience, creative minds, fashionistas and the like. My meanderingsabout blog is my reflection on creative expression ... outside the "box" of what I write here. Creativity is an integral part of who I am. I recognized the following I had and that they were not interested in the fashionista and beauty side of who I am: a woman in her 50s fighting aging by using a tasteful fashion, accessories, beauty regime. That's where I created Meanderings about a year ago. Maybe the original idea was to have a blog where I could "rant". Then realizing that people just don't like to read about rants, in general. The only time I've seen them work is when a group amasses to express a similar disapproval. More often, I've noticed, they are directed at airlines. I would say telecommunication cellular providers would battle for first other days. Then I began writing as if I was giving advice to my daughters on life, living, love and dating. They may not read it. My three daughters and stepdaughter aged 22, 23 and 25. A great representation of the Millennials. Not all experiments are successful. Usually you can extrapolate what you have learned from the exercise and extrapolate "do differently" for down the road. So Polyvore has the right idea: they allow enthusiasts to share their creations on Pinterest, Tumblr, Twitter and Facebook. Sadly, missing is instaGRAM. Also, when you select posting for a Blog, the default is Tumblr, while allowing you to select "BLOG" for Google's Blogspot posts. It defaults to the blog you have associated with your email address, which in this case is optioneerJM. It doesn't allow me to distinguish it if you happen to have more than one blogspot. I will continue to fiddle around and experiment. Thank you for your understanding. I apologize if it seemed misleading to draw my loyal readers here, thinking I may be writing about sales and instead be bombarded with these posts that seem commercial. You share the image you created on Polyvore, and then what Brands represent the products you have selected. Polyvore has Polyvore Clippers, which I am liking, and just getting around to trying (for instance the image of Sally Field in character of Doris surrounded by scarves and cat eye glasses. There are a lot of tools or sites that start out with one idea and its users evolve and experiment, bringing a wider ensemble of tools and ways to share. I'm never content to just create, post, share. I like to test to see how it can be used in building social media audiences or "content" as the big thing these days is. Corporate brands and companies have gotten the message. They are adding "Blog" to their websites. However, the conundrum is how to keep the Blogs fresh, relevant, with regular posting. A way to drive viewers to the website, where the website is suppose to take over and keep the audience there longer, to click, go deeper into the site. Even better if an inquiry or lead generated or a sale. I will keep exploring and doing experiments and reporting findings for others to benefit. Even if that means an annoying array of blog posts that seem to have little to nothing to do with the central theme. IF, this happened to make you curious. I went to Polyvore to gather ideas for a Halloween costume -- obviously, I'm looking to be "Doris" from this great, whimsical, movie about an isolated woman in her 60s who steps out, after the passing of her mother whom Doris was caregiver to. The idea of how she takes on what is normally Tween or Teenage experiences about dating and socializing. Doris is wonderfully portrayed by Oscar winner Sally Field, whom I hope gets an Oscar for this great role. You can't help but be entertained with her crush experience, being coached by a 13 year old friend's granddaughter. Now, I will tidy up optioneerJM and move the creations over to meanderingsABOUT and delete the errant posts from here once they are where they belong. (CHECK ~ done) I will continue to experiment and try new things. To report on findings that may help others with their social media experience, expand their social selling efforts, or share advice on business or leadership. It has been a fun ride, and after 200,000+ page views, I look forward to continue to learn and share those experiences with you.
You can join me on Polyvore and join in the fun! I've experimented with GROUPS, creating one for fashionista creatives who want to create ensembles that Doris would love:
How are you doing? Do you want to write how things are going "anonymously" on my aCOMMENTary blog? Just email it to me firstname.lastname@example.org with RE: BLOG+URworkingtitle (no porn, violence, with exception of being a victim of bullying online stories); Just let me know if you want me to edit 4 U 4 ur final approval agreed by U be4 I share on blog. Or do you want me to just post it straight out? There is no way I will disclose the source. Nobody else will know who wrote it. It is up for you to decide if U want to claim it by giving me permission to post UR name and ur Twitter and G+ Profile (subscriber, following @optioneerJM as a #F4F ~ that's a reCOINed version of the same hashtag. I've taken liberty of ideating that we re-acknowledge a new purpose: #F4F becomes "Favor 4 Favor" underground movement. Where the only currency is the exchange of a #F4F "Favor 4 Favor". No BITcoin or banking or finance can come beckoning. We are not purchasing anything, so we cannot be taxed can we? Under the new #F4F system, it is haggling at first, pulling and pushing to arrive at the utopia of agreed value. A really easy example was based on an idea that happened earlier today compounded by an idea that was gurgling last night on brand Ambassador ~ship (which I have up until this moment, unless disclosed in a former blog been compensated for). EXCEPTION: I don't talk about who I work for or what business it is in. Any references to real people are by accident, because they are imagined characters working at a telecommunications company, like a cartoon or series. (SIDE NOTE: I became really good in sales of creating CODE NAMES for my customer, relayed among the team that supported us::.... US in all of us individuals working together in one common goal: amaze and amass loyal customers who trusted us. The code names was my way of protecting the identity of any of our customers were one of my colleagues hosting a tour with a fierce competitor of this SAIDcustomer. So, if we were huddling, which was often the case with our team of US. Using the codename I would dream up on the spot, so that we could discuss a job any time, anywhere in our branch, which was on two long floors, both times, we moved once. Nobody but me would know how I would come up with NightOwl or CrackBack Tom. About as wildly opposite yet related to the customer's main representative. OK, so now here we start the memory lane of printing and publishing .... get your wine topped up and/or go to the loo (proper English for the power room, ladies room, girls room, COWgirls room). I really loved those days in printing. It was at the infancy of going digital. I was ignorant of the traditional print environments were about. I went in really wanting to go all in. I started that habit that social media, the web, naturally fuel within me, that thirst for knowledge or that habit by knowledge junkie. Someone really smart and in the know could see how hard selling magazines in Calgary was, told me to look into selling digital print. You see, at the time, Xerox was digging itself from being buried by the release of its technology to the entire world (talk about Steve Jobs on steroids x 100); everyone became their hostile corporate enemy now::.... stealing their technology after being pressured into releasing it (was this real or imagined from my limited recall from the 80s?) It is jokelore among Steve Jobs advocates and devotees and those benefiting from claiming to have known him, was that Steve Jobs lifted the mouse from the invention disarray of Xerox's research center and bureaucratic red tape. It was Xerox who designed the mouse. The very thing that Steve Jobs scooped up and made into the most differentiating integral design element, became the mouse. First you have a really cute, hip, with it, friendly, simple, yet classic company logo who launched the ability of the computer user to embrace this wired contraption with the likable "mouse" used to maneuver outstanding design elements, graphic design easy, interface so that those gift with the combination of vision, eye and creativity can emerge. The largest devotees of the Apple products are because of the mouse. In my opinion. We were zooming light years ahead of trying to remember codes to do simple things that Bill Gates imagineered into the personal computer. Then MAC perfected with smooth, graceful movement made ALL the difference, not just a little. Now I want a tablet that attaches to my computer so that I can draw. Imagine that. I'm as wired into my computer as the mouse, which more times than not are blue toothed and not even connected.
Bluetooth: meaning to be able to operate something without being connected by wire.
~ Layman's Terms by @optioneerJM
BACK to the evolving idea. An experiment of sorts. Of which I do, but now I'm sharing those experiments with you. They'll be spread among my other Blogs:
* theJMgallery (2B launched by Nov 1 2016 on blogspot, of course)
* The inBETWEENers.wordpress.ca (a broad experiment to compare blogger experience between wordPRESS and blogSPOT)
I want to set up a coffee house atmosphere #F4F community of doers. The exchange of favors between two persons of the same group of entrepreneurs, imagineers, innovators, where a "favor 4 favor" currency emerges. Not anything that can be taxed, because it is a mutually agreed upon exchange of ideas, assistance, votes. Hey, why not? If it involves money, then it is kicked to the Brand Ambassador curb, that I know nothing about. But you can't buy loyalty, test theories, unless there is a group of US people, as in we, and in honor of #UsGuys who taught me so much as a social media baby 6 years ago. The originals, still connected, likely for forever.
The #F4F club has no membership unless you use the hashtag. The agreement being that no obscene, pornographic or violent exchanges permitted (including bullying).
Its rules are simple. It is based on a very basic principle I've started to really become better acquainted with as the idea blossoms: if someone approaches you for a favor, you ask for a favor in return. They will respect you in return.
The classiest, most humble, smart, under appreciated people are recommended to join this movement. Your ideas, your influence can grow.
For instance, today someone asked me specifically to vote for them. I did. Immediately thereafter, I messaged him back privately on Twitter to ask him to subscribe to one of my blogs, which I think is more tailored to his way of thinking and share it once. Oh, and p.s. yes I did vote 4 U #F4F (as in Favor 4 Favor new meaning).
You get my drift? You are picking up what I'm putting down? Ha, love that saying. Who I heard it from and remember it by may best be suited to "aCOMMENTary" anonymous blog submission.
I don't have anything to feel guilty about. It is a blink of an eye, blip on the screen as it logs off of life. Or, maybe, more honestly and opening under MEANDERINGSabout ... where I grapple with aging, being in my 50s, still adore fashion, and fight aging with beauty that suits me, a fabulous fashionista fighting her 50s.
So, again. Repeating myself on purpose. EMAIL me with RE: aCOMMENTary BLOG submission with tag line TITLE you come up with to optioneerJM@gmail.com where my partnership with Google allows me to be able to automatically sort unknown emails to a SPAM folder, poof, voila, on its own.
If it were to ever get past that, I forewarn you that I automatically delete anyone not recognized. (I have a pretty good memory). Hopefully, a small #F4F can be ironed out. I promise to never disclose the author's name without expressed written permission. No exchange of monetary values are permitted or allowed to be solicited when using #F4F ..... self-policed until further notice.
Let's try my experiment: see if we can create a trending hashtag for reciprocal assistance with each other? Goodness me, need I be reminded any more other than the US Presidential Election, that people do things for a lot of money.
This were to evolve into a commercial site, its sole ownership belongs to the creator of this blog, date stamped right now.
For now, its a coffee shop atmosphere. As I continue to play and experiment with blogspot's ever-evolving tools, i hope it will become bigger and help a lot of people. Security and an even more GIGANTIC HUGE security measure: being honesty and integrity. Its value only becomes your word: in other words, what you will want back if you were to give a favor, or if you ask someone else to do you a favor, you have an idea of what sort of #F4F (favor 4 favor) you would like in return.
It could expand from that to an online loyalty program (idea stamped here@copyright). So, for example, I was imagineering Apple's iTunes being able to track backlinks to a PLAYLIST or song, setting up a compensationary loyalty or ambassador or #F4F member.
Just think about it. Who would need bitCOIN to quicken? We can flip everything in the stratosphere. I've been trying to help a CEO just mostly by being a friend and listening (reading) ear. It was without expectation, request or otherwise. It was just two people from different hemispheres or continents (see, I can be "suspenseful" too, mein TRUMP). The way you feel good about helping others, because a click is an action, a movement forward. You are helping others.
Now some people have robbed a lot of coin out there for not doing any favors. Self-centered me me MEs are drowning each other out. Thank goodness, more peace at last.
Remember that it is no different than how you react if you were to drive by a train wreck or political rally, what you think you do your best to avoid, can actually rear its ugly head on you. That is what I mean when I think of Cyber Bullying.
That is a weapon of mass destruction. OK, that I will have to create something from, its good. I think. If not, I like it, so this is a combination of self-serving egocentrics and idea churning and snagging trenz.
Before I sign off, I want to thank you. It means the world to me, that very single click, and then the use of the "mouse" or if you're really talented (I'm certainly not) to be dexterous enough to be able to handle a laptop keyboard AND its built in mouse and "nipple". Geez, that is one for the meanderingsABOUT column I'd say wouldn't you?
THINKING OUT LOUD Such class ... back in "those days" ... why not reform to some sort of modesty, so that you are not distracted and can ACTUALLY see the true person behind this ... YOU CAN READ more on my "The Publisher" blog at blogspot.ca (here you are) .... Listen along I'm on the continual rediscovery of a superb collection of music that I even surprised, if not completely amazed at myself at the great eclectic collection of "LOVELY" music. Right now, Clay Aitken is singing "Because you love me".
I find it a little ironic that I never watched American Idol during the season Clay Aitken was in it. Then, I think, I became a fan of his after watching him on The Celebrity Apprentice. I was a disciple of The Celebrity Apprentice. I maybe watched three 20 segments, if that, of the original Apprentice.
I really liked watching the show. Primarily, I was fascinated by the interpersonal dynamics. It was particularly fascinating when it was compounded by theatrics and power drama with a few. If a person is trying to evaluate their own value system, it was a great show to watch.
The ego driven drivers of the series were not the stars, to my way of thinking. It was Brett Michaels and Clay Aitken whom I became fans of.
My intent tonight was to come to write this blog's purpose. You see, the very first paragraph I ever blogged was what I published about 6 years ago. It was for optioneerJM, whom i created just to fiddle and experiment with expanding from Linked In commenting (where I was asked often whether I had a blog). I swear, my most loyal followers or readers on that blog were the ones at the very beginning.
A vision with purpose
I've written recently about defining your purpose. I know that I've been struggling with that. Sticking yourself under your very own microscope is excruciatingly painful. More so than Mindfulness and that is pretty hard, only the very very disciplined are able to achieve that perfect balance in the NOW.
Creating a vision
Defining the path that you would like to take is not an easy exercise. If you are able to stop reading this for five minutes, not including the time to open a separate wordpad or a pad of paper with pen. Go ahead. Take five minutes. Define your vision? Stuck? Okay, here's a hint: where do you see yourself in five to 10 years ... if you're in your 20s, do it in 10 year increments x 4 (so in 40 years).
Where will you be standing or what will you be doing in your vision? I know, I know. It goes against the grain of the "mindfulness" gurus. Bad gal am I? Wait, I can explain.
Are what you have around you. The specifics. Are you in a house, big and fancy or tasteful and just the right size (for your gardening, your dog, your yard, if that is something that you really enjoy doing). Are you on a boat somewhere, coming to grasp you are on a cruise with your partner or soon to be found partner, or dear me, a yacht you own and the man by your side isn't your partner, he is your Captain!
Struggle between mindfulness & goals
I know I've said I'm trying to work on being #mindful. I am a beginner I even admit. In fact, I will share where it's coming from for me:
MINDFULNESS FOR BEGINNERS
I bought the CD set at a big box store in person (nobody will take away my love to drift around in bookstores for hours .... except Indigo, who took away the magic that Chapters captured, becoming lost in a bookstore. The CEO of Indigo, I don't remember her name, shut down my book club close to my home. My link to sanity when I was at home with babies, my husband escaping to his "work" was this book club. She also took the comfy chairs all away. Kinda sad that she took the one thing that anything online cannot compete with. My first attempt at poetry:
The printed word
The smell of ink,
the rustling of pages
When one hour can be
enveloped by three.
Just not willing to be found.
Hush. No cell phones around.
In the moment I AM trying to come up with my vision statement and purpose to this blog. It is starting to disperse the cloud of uncertainty. The struggle between the NOW and the GOALS dissipate once the vision has been created. It becomes a piece of artwork, a travel destination, a decor, a fashion statement, a museum, with headphones on, who knows. Only I will know what that VISION statement will have in its picture. Right now, its a pretty crowded collage. So, to keep in the PRESENT NOW in keeping with my mindfulness training, I will work on collecting images that form a vision. After that, I'm hopeful, while optimistic that a purpose will float out. Please let me know if you have a poem or short story that you would like to publish. Anyone who shares their poem or short story on here will be accredited and all social media links included. Anonymous submissions whereby no name is required and confidentiality enforced, can be made to my "aCOMMENTary" blog:
I hope you will take a look at my other blogs, if you don't already. I've already shared the link above for aCOMMENTary. Then there is meanderingsABOUT where I reflect on life, love, family, living as who I am: "a fabulous fashionista fighting her fifties."
The following is an excerpt from a website I delightfully discovered when looking for stuff on publishing, writing, for the images portion of this blog or help with defining my purpose. Not sure which.
The term bibliogony is used to describe the production of books. In The Evolution of the Book, Kilgour (1998, 4) states that there have been
"three major transformations in method and power application in reproducing the codex: machine printing from cast type, powered by human muscle (1455-1814); nonhuman power driving both presses and typecasting machines (1814-1970); and computer-driven photocomposition combined with offset printing (1970-)."
Book design involves a wide range of processes related to planning the physical appearance of the book including paper and type selection, layout, and structure of the book. At first, most of these decisions were made by the printer. However over time, publishers developed specifications that were applied by the printer.
You'll find that many of the well-known book designers and printers were men. However many women also made important contributions. Unfortunately, their names are often overlooked in history.
Try It! Explore Womens Printers, Binders & Book Designers. As you work your way through this page, consider how women may have played important roles that weren't recorded in primary sources of the times or the history of printing books.
This page will explore the printing process and the role of the printer in book production.
Printing involves the production of identical copies of a work using a printing press or other mechanical device. The printer is an individual, family, or business that prints books and other print materials. In the first few centuries of printing, the printer also acted as publisher offering books for sale.
By examining the book as a physical artifact, researchers can learn about how the book was printed including the particular type of ink, press, and printing process.
Analyzing the account books and correspondence of printers, reading autobiographies by printers, exploring legal records and newspapers of the time period, and reading printers' manuals of the time period, help book historians gain insights into the role of the printer in Darnton's "communication circuit." Darnton (1982, 77) suggests that researchers ask question such as
"How did printers calculate costs and organize production, especially after the introduction of machine-made paper in the first decade of the nineteenth century and Linotype in the 1880s? How did technological changes affect the management of labor? And what part did journeymen printers, an unusally articulate and militant sector of the working class, play in labor history?"
To better understand how books were printed, it's fascinating to examine books that contain small mistakes.
The mid-fifteenth century marked a tremendous change in book production and ultimately print culture. The invention of the printing press around 1440 changed the book from a single object to an industrial age commodity. Books were no longer an item owned exclusively by the rich. By lowering the cost of production, the printing press allowed an enormous increase in production and distribution of books. The physical book we know today originated to this time period.
The printing press and activities of individual printers had a tremendous impact on the availability of books from the mid-1400s to the present. Although hand-written manuscripts continued to be produced, the printed book quickly overtook the manuscript because of its quick production and low relative cost.
The Printing Press
A printing press is a machine used to evenly transfer ink to paper or cloth. By applying pressure to an inked surface, the image is transferred to the paper. The device is able to make impressions quickly and efficiently.
The press itself stood from 5 to 7 feet long, 3 feet wide, and 7 feet tall.
The image on the right shows a 3D reconstruction of a common press used from around 1650 to 1850.
The movable type consisted of small metal blocks with raised letters. First the typecaster would cast a punch out from hard metal using a drawing of the letter as a guide. Next, the letter is punched into soft metal like copper to leave an impression. This piece of soft metal containing the impression is called a matrix. The matrix is placed into a mold. The typecaster would make the type by mixing tin, lead, and antimony and pouring it into the mold. Although a skilled typecaster could produce 4,000 metal letters per day, many of the type pieces turned out malformed and could not be used.
The matrices as well as the pieces of type were kept in wooden boxes. The type is storied in wooden trays or drawers known as a typecase (see image below). For each letter, there are three options: capital letter (uppercase), small capital, and small letter (lowercase). In addition, the case contains punctuation marks, spaces, and other type as needed.
The typesetter is in charge of organizing the type pieces into pages on a frame. The composer places the type on a composing stick. The first sticks were made from wood. Later, metal sticks were replaced the wooden ones. The composer must create the text upside down and backwards for it to print correctly.
Completed composing sticks were placed on a large tray known as a gallery. Pieces of metal were placed between rows. These fillers are known as leading. A primary advantage of using movable type over carved or engraved blocks is that corrections can more easily be made. The text is carefully checked before printing. Mistakes are corrected. The type is moved from the galley to an iron frame known as thechase. When wedges and filler pieces are added and tightened up, this frame containing the text creates a tight form.
After the typesetting is complete, the form is laid on the press stone. An oil-based ink is then evenly applied to the type surface. A damp piece of paper was attached to the tympan with pins and held in place by a frame called afrisket. The tympan is then folded down against the inked type. A handle is turned to make the press stone and coffin beneath roll under the platen. Pressure is then placed evenly on the page using a screw on a long bar called the Devil's Tail. The coffin is then pulled back out and the printed page is removed.
The image on the right from around 1568 shows a printing operation.
Most early print shops printed large sheets containing multiple pages. After a page was printed, it was hung up to dry. After one side dried, they turned the page over and printed the other side.
Read! Read Mosley, James (2013). The Technologies of Print. In, M. Suarez & H.R. Woudhuysen, The Book: A Global History. Oxford University Press. IUPUI students can view the article online.
Books printed between the introduction of the printing press and January 1, 1501 are known as incunables. Also known as incunabula orfifteener, an incunable is a pamphlet, broadside, or book printed before 1501 in Europe. The term incunbula is Latin referring to the earliest stage or trace of a development. In this case, the printed book.
Many authors consider incunables to be those printed using movable type. However two types of printing co-existed during this time period.
Block Book Printing
Block book printing involved creating a single carved or sculpted wooden block for each page. The text and illustrations were cut onto the same block. They were particularly popular in the mid fifteenth century. Most of these books were less than fifty pages. Block-books were often cheaper than those produced on the new movable type printers. However they suffered from damage including worms and deformation.
As the printing press became more popular, movable type replaced woodblocks for text. However woodcuts continued to be used for reproducing images in illustrated works.
While the printing press generally printed on both sides of a sheet, block-books were printed on one side. The pages were glued together to produce the look of two sided printing.
Speculum Humanae Salvationis or Mirror of Human Salvation (image shown below) is a famous and common example of a block-book. A work of popular theology, the book portrays events from the Bible. Some editions are entirely block-book printing and others combine block-book with typographic book printing.
Ars Moriendi or The Art of Dying (image from book shown below left) was written in the early to mid 1400s and created on woodcuts for printing around 1460. The first guide to death and dying, the work was available in a short and long version that described how to prepare to die and die well.
Biblia pauperum or Pauper's Bible (image from book shown above right) was a Bible picture book published with block-book printing.
Typographic or Movable Type Book Printing
Typographic book printing was the second type of printing during this period. It was created by placing individual pieces of cast metal movable type into a printing press.
Although the invention of the printing press is credited to Johannes Gutenberg, other versions of printing devices occurred earlier. The idea for movable type was first introduced by Bi Sheng of China who made type from porcelain around 1040. During the first part of the thirteenth century, Koreans created the first metal type.
However it was Gutenberg's press that gained notoriety and was reproduced throughout Europe. Around 1440, Johannes Gutenberg of Mainz, Germany developed the European version of movable type.
Metal movable type printing much more durable and uniform than woodblock printing. In addition, it was much quicker. Printing spread rapidly across Europe with the increasing availability of the printing press.
In the 14th century, a Korean printer was printing books in the Chinese language using cast bronze type. Because there was a shortage of wood for carving, metal was a logic alternative that turned out to work well. This approach was expensive and labor intensive.
The image below shows movable type from the first printed book in Korea around 1377.
As a goldsmith familiar with screw presses, Johann Gutenberg (c. 1399-1468) adapted existing technology to create the printing press. What made Gutenberg's movable metal type unique was his invention of a special matrix that allowed the moulding of metal type with high precision. His mould made it possible to easily and quickly create metal movable type in larger qualities. This allowed an assembly-line approach to book production.
A letterpress is the specific type of printing press used by Gutenberg. The printing surface was coated with ink and transferred to paper. The letterpress continued to be used into the 20th century.
Besides the printing press, Gutenberg is also credited with the invention of an oil-based ink that was much more durable than water-based inks.
The first major book to be printed by Gutenberg was the Bible, known as the Gutenberg Bible or 42-line Bible (book is shown below). Printed in the 1450s, the Gutenberg Bible was a Vulgate edition written in Latin. The decoration around the margins and in the headings was done by hand after the pages were printed. The book was over 1200 pages and was printed in two separate volumes. Approximately forty-eight copies survived and are considered the most valuable books in the world.
Try It! Want to have some fun? Read a preview of Gutenberg: The Musical by Anthony King and Scott Brown. Then, explore one of the promos on YouTube.
Nicolas Jenson (c. 1430-1480) printed early classical and humanist texts, canon law, Bibles, and liturgical works. Having apprenticed at the royal mint in Paris, where he likely learned about metals. Sent to Germany to learn about the printing press, he later became a printer making his own roman type. He was a prolific printer distributing his work throughout Europe.
The image below left shows Julius Caesar works printed by Nicolas Jenson around 1471. The image on the right shows Nicolas Jenson's printer's mark.
After 1469, printing spread rapidly across Europe. According to Lommen (2012), trade in type matrices was responsible for this explosion of printing. Printers like Koberger, Ratdolt, and Leeu used their international connections to spread thousands of books throughout Europe.
Many printers were known for a particular genre of book. For instance, Bonino De Boninis (1454-1528) also known as Dobrić Dobrićević, is known for printing classics including Dante's Divine Comedy.
Gheraert Leeu (c. 1445-1492) was a Dutch printer best known for his printing of fables.
Printed in 1480, The Dialogus Creaturarum Moralisatus or The Dialogues of the Creatures Moralizedcontains 122 dialogues between characters found in nature. The book includes a woodcut for each tale.
The image (by Johi) left shows a status dedicated to Leeu.
Erhard Ratdolt (c. 1447-c. 1528) set up a printshop in Venice in 1474 then moved to Augsburg Bavaria in 1486.
He is best known for printing a high-quality version of Euclid's Elements of Geometry in 1482. The book contains woodcut decorations and over 400 diagrams created with straight and curved metal rules.
The image on the right shows a page from Euclid's Elements notice the mixture of border, text, and illustrations.
Try It! Go to Elements of Euclid at Wikimedia Commons. Compare various translations and printers.
Venice became the home to many printers in the late 15th and 16th centuries.
Aldus Manutius (1450-1515) was a humanist scholar. During the Italian Renaissance, he established a print shop in Venice called Adline Press. Manutius was known for his beautifully illustrated books focusing on Greek and Latin classics. However he also published other works such as religious materials, secular texts, geography, history, and scientific treatise.
The image on the right shows Aldus Manutius.
Aldus Manutius combined metal type with woodblock illustrations. Many of his books include interesting text layouts.
Modeled after the handwriting of Venetian scribes, Manutius used the term italic for this new type because it was invented in Italy. His work inspired many of his successors.
Hypernerotomachia Poliphili or Poliphili's Strife of Love in a Dream (image shown above) written by Francesco Colonna and printed by Aldus Manutius is an outstanding example of both writing and printing during this period.
Published in Venice in 1499, the allegorical romance is a typical topic for the Early Renaissance. However the use of the inverted triangle, empty whitespace, and indented paragraphs are unique to Manutius. According to Harthan (1981), the book was initially a commercial disaster, but the woodcuts were admired.
The image on the left below shows how Manutius combined woodcuts with interesting ways to present text.
In 1501 Manutius printed the first portable octavos that were pocket-sized and printed in uniform series. Known as libri portatiles, they targeted readers with a growing interest in humanism.
In 1502, Manutius began using a printer's mark that included a dolphin and anchor. The mark was intended to assure customers that his work was of high quality.
The image on the right above shows Aldus Manutius printer emblem.
William Caxton (c. 1422?-1491) learned the craft of printing by studying in Germany and Belgium. After learning the process, he returned to London England to set up a print shop at Westminster Abbey. Caxton was known as an excellent editor and translator in addition to his work as a printer.
Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye was the first book printed in English. Originally written in French by Raoul Lefevre, it was translated and printed by Caxton around 1475. A first edition copy was presented to Margaret of York.
The Dicts and Sayings of the Philosophers (1477) is one of the first book printed in England. It contained a colophon indicating the printer and place of publication.
The image on the right shows the printer's device of William Caxton.
Caxton printed Geoffrey Chaucer's poem The Canterbury Tales in 1476. Seven years later he printed a corrected text and added illustrations. It became a very popular book.
Anton Koberger (c. 1440-1513) was a printer, publisher, and goldsmith. He opened the first printing house in Nuremberg in 1470. At its height, he employed 100 workers in his printing house. He is best known for printing and publishing the Nuremberg Chronicle.
The most common incunable to survive, the Nuremberg Chronicle is a wonderful example of the early printed book with around 1250 known surviving copies. Written by Hartmann Schedel and illustrated by Michael Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff, the book was published by Anton Koberger in 1493.
Based on the Bible, the book tells the story of human history. The book is also known as the Book of Chronicles andSchedel's World History. The printing was completed based on a contract with patrons. In other words, the patrons covered the cost of book production and distribution.
The book contains 1809 woodcut illustrations with 645 original to the book making it the most illustrated incunable (an image from the book is shown on the left).
The Age of Incunabula
Early printing was distributed throughout Europe. Incunabula were printed in 282 cities in 20 countries. The most books were produced in Italy, Germany, Trance, and the Netherlands.
Besides the printers mentioned, many other early printers emerged such as Gunther Zainer of Augsburg, Johannes Mentelin andHeinrich Eggestein of Strasbourg, and Heinrich Gran of Haguenau.
Early printing presses could produce 3600 pages were day. The skills were passed of from master to apprentice and often father to son. The art of printing was carefully preserved through close study.
"As printing from movable type was perfected in the ﬁfteenth century, the mysteries of its practice were guarded by a privileged few. Gutenberg himself took great pains to avoid disclosing the techniques he had developed for the rapid multiplication of books, only to see the fruits of his long research snatched away from him by his chief creditor, Johann Fust, in an ignominious lawsuit. To make matters worse, tradition has it that Gutenberg's apprentice Peter Schöffer took the secrets of the new craft, joined forces with Fust, and, together with his new partner, reaped the beneﬁts of his former master's toil."
The British Library'sIncunabula Short Title Catalogue contains 27,400 incunabula editions. Many interesting statistics can be gathered using this catalog such as examining the collection by date, number of known copies, and location.
Below left shows a map of 15th century printing of incunabula. Below right shows incunabula by language.
Why doesn't Apple start a loyalty program? I guess I'm launching the idea here and now.
It is 3:47pm MST Calgary, Alberta CANADA @copyright RE: IDEA 2 APPLE 1) Apple I would like to be compensated if you take this idea and run with it. BEFORE, you write me off as one of those "I'm sorry Canadians" ...:: get THAT idea outta your head. This is a Canadian. A gal. Drawn to the web and gravitate and circulate around an amazing crew. Or, just as good, your tribe GROOVES your VIBE. Ooops, another copyright as originating author of "UR tribe GROOVES ur VIBE" I've gotta find a picture to use that in there. 2) Compensation from Apple I. Apple I is codename for the first comment, caveat, agreement of understanding if this idea is adopted and used. 3) They're crazy if they don't take it Think about it. What is everyone going all bug-eyed about? BESIDES ur ELECTION, geez, the world does not revolve around the United States of America. Everyone is going on about a number of things, I've been able to gather and assemble into being emerging trends. The greatest innovators of the last 100 years (or, if you are educated by self, not necessarily recognized by any institute), that is a century. I wrote about this a few days ago .... about the vision I had started on a Magazine when I launched Jetsgo here in Canada, a national magazine. Short-lived albeit, but 90% of the launch of anything (business or otherwise) is in the preparation. Mindfulness is going to spread because as I predicted (Mr. Granshaw and Perron would attest i coined my theme "Mind, body, soul" vibe. My reasoning back then was that the Baby Boomers were aging, becoming fearful of that very thing. On top of that, Jetsgo was, if not obviously so, an airline. Another thing that some Boomers could be fearful of: flying. In going with the hip, positive, energetic vibe of emerald green and black. With the emerald green the main color of the leather jacket with black piping, if I vividly recall. I was sure creating a great magazine in my mind's eye. We can be really self-centered at different periods of our lives. My greatest accomplishments, I believe, have come from when I've been at the very lowest of confidence in myself. Usually some dramatic traumatic event has occurred in my life. Feeling cornered and quite vulnerable. I guess I come out fighting. Huh, self discovery there? Perhaps. ANY-hoodles-AND more I started to think lately. Creatively. Outside of the box. Then, because I really don't sell for anyone any more (HUH, another puff of air out of me, and a few more pounds of weight on my shoulders lifted fractionally). I may have an employer. But that employer doesn't own my imagination either. I'm not in a position of being credited for helping with any ideas. They could have extrapolated the idea of the color orange and the symbol orange as a logo of sorts for optioneerJM. I still have a copy of when those business cards were printed by an invoice. AnyhowDUMBdom. So the idea is gurgling and trying to surface from the fingertips, triggered by the wiring in my brain, that was speeding at the pace of a locomotive. But the motive was me. Why don't I just start to try selling thinks I think are cool and may help each other. Sound fair? I'll write about that among my various blogs that I have geared by my main interests: BUSINESS: optioneerJM.blogspot.ca LEADERSHIP: optioneerJM.blogspot.ca SALES: optioneerJM.blogspot.ca LIFESTYLE BLOG: meanderingsABOUT.blogspot.ca FAMILY: meanderingsABOUT.blogspot.ca ATTITUDE: meanderingsABOUT.blogspot.ca (including mindfulness, mental energist, fashion, beauty, class, humility). WRITING: thePUBLISHER POETRY: thePUBLISHER POEMs: thePUBLISHER MUSIC: iTUNES by @apple READING: iBOOK by@apple and GOODREADS.com SURFING: with Chrome by Google BLOG: Google.com BLOGGER: Google.com G+: Google PLUS So, the idea is BRANDambassador Supreme You hire me as one of your identified BRANDambassador Supremo (fem while Supreme for male members). I will do what I have already started to do: not just listen to my music PLAYLISTS from iTune, i started to share the link copied from a right-click on my channel where the song is and voila link. So here's the thing. If people actually CARED what a 55-year-old woman from Canada was listening to, blogging about, drooling over and incensed about, they might even go to the iTunes link ....... i would let you use that link for commercial use as long as i got a royalty from your use of my intellectual property. In this case, case in point, my ideas. Since my ideas are my brand, you can still leverage it. I am developing a Content Developer environment with Google (who will be my next "sell" to). If, as I increase viewership on any and all of my social media avenues, Apple would benefit from my recommendations, made unbiasedly and without any payment for such, therefore, the force behind my request for use of my intellectual property of the assembled playlists. Who more and more followers, will get to know me, and click more here and a little more there. If, as a result, a referral occurs. The follower of @optioneerJM has now become a purchaser at iTunes of bits and pieces or all of the songs in her PLAYLIST. Therefore, it is then considered a referral arrangement, where iTunes receives payment directly from those purchases directly bounced from an @optioneerJM tweet, comment, share, PIN #bestofeverything hashtag with #music followed after ..... Apple will pay JM a 10 percent royalty fee. Do you think that is fair? Probably reasonably more so. Then again, as the identity of @optioneerJM will at one time revert to my beneficiaries. Ha! OK, trying to create a legacy. _____________________*^* jm _____________ SO I don't forget about GOOGLES oodles of opportunities I am going to reach out to parties from either camp, Google and this company I know and help them investigate whether it would be a nutritious addition into "Alphabet Soup" (Alphabet being the parent company of Google.) I'll see it all goes. Nothing ventured, nothing tried. Protecting the intellectual property which is likely exploited on the wide world web. I've sometimes had this hunch or thought: (which is BAD bad BAD for mindfulness, shame on you girl). "What is stopping anyone from ABI DUBAI (only named because BRAVO and propps for their movie: "99 Homes" we should be hearing about at Oscars) or INDIA from going to my blog or any of them, translate them and just rePOST? I didn't want to think this out loud by keying it here. But its a valid question? How would I even know? I mean, I don't speak Hindu or Arabic, so it would be highly unlikely I would ever know or find about it. So before we get all paranoid and SPOOKed, it's just a thought. Maybe worth investigating, who knows. Maybe that is another idea that could be added to the now delicious Alphabet Soup. Some sort of key searcher identifiers where you could actually zero in on that (idea @copyrighted here and now, 4:31 pm WED OCT 19 at 4:37pmMST ) The other idea for a sale will be kept to myself unless it goes through and is approved by the third parties. Until then, I will blog without mentioning specific names or give clues on any indicators on who they may be. Unless, as such in this case, I did and intently specifically to Apple an idea and date stamped this blog as my @copyright proof. (jm)
Canada celebrated its Thanksgiving Day just this past week in October. We celebrate our day of thanks one month before our American neighbors to the south.
I've also referenced gratitude and such n such on my other blog: MeanderingsABOUT .... learning to live in the moment means we should be thankful every day. I'm a newbie student adopter of #mindfulness. Whew, so much to learn.
Looking for something that appeals to my creative senses and matches my quest for finding #bestofeverything . I've tried to get people to start using the hashtag so that they and everyone really has one central hashtag that is used by the populace, not guided to promote their own self-serving results. Who does that anyhow?
Upon this Thanksgiving Season, be thoughtful while you are being thankful. Who can you reach out to and make their day, showing them you are thankful for that special person in your life, whether a boss, grandparent, parent, child or cousin, best friend, spouse, partner, friend, advocate. I hope you get my point: it is easy to find people to be thankful TO or FOR. Keeping in mind on this current chapter of Mindfulness to me: being thankful in the present moment, with a goal of only looking for the situation, person, event, reading, listening, vision gifts you have been bestowed upon. Lucky me. Lucky you.
I had a odd combined with awkward conversation with my 81 year old mother. She's sounding her age. Fear is starting to overwhelm me. What will I do if she goes? Then, trying to incorporate the discipline of mindfulness, I am centered on what I can do this precise moment reaching out to her, instead of wasting it on past tense. That is gone. If you are like me, you have agonized or evaluated what you could have done different. Mindfulness is about let that go, it is gone, in the wind, lifted into the clouds and dissipating.
I hope you take time to not only give "thanks" ... but also pause to demonstrate more "giving" .
Thanksgiving is here, so our minds have turned To what time has taught us, to what we've learned: We often focus all our thought On shiny things we've shopped and bought. We take our pleasure in material things, Forgetting the pleasure that friendship brings. If a lot of our stuff just vanished today, We'd see the foundation of each happy day Is special relationships, constant and true, And that's when our thoughts go directly to you. We wish you a Thanksgiving you'll never forget, Full of love and joy—your best one yet!
By Joanna Fuchs
Next up, for us, is Halloween. It should be fun to scour the web for the best of the #bestofeverything on poetry, whether living or past, published online or traditional mediums, mostly books, rarely magazines relating to ghosts, spookiness, witches and goblins. If you think of a poem everyone might like, comment here or tweet at me @optioneerJM or PLUS me +JeannetteMarshall ..... and if it passes the "MOM" test (non destructive, violent, porn, inappropriate, bullying, meanness etc. etcetera etc.
We, unaccustomed to courage exiles from delight live coiled in shells of loneliness until love leaves its high holy temple and comes into our sight to liberate us into life.
Love arrives and in its train come ecstasies old memories of pleasure ancient histories of pain. Yet if we are bold, love strikes away the chains of fear from our souls.
We are weaned from our timidity In the flush of love's light we dare be brave And suddenly we see that love costs all we are and will ever be. Yet it is only love which sets us free.
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;
Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,
And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I-
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.
All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms. Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard, Jealous in honor, sudden and quick in quarrel, Seeking the bubble reputation Even in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice, In fair round belly with good capon lined, With eyes severe and beard of formal cut, Full of wise saws and modern instances; And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slippered pantaloon, With spectacles on nose and pouch on side; His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide For his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice, Turning again toward childish treble, pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.